The Many Variations Of Diabetes
When someone hears the word ‘diabetes’ they assume that the speaker is discussing either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. This assumption is wrong. There are actually 11 different types of diabetes.
The 11 types are:
This type of diabetes is often inherited, and strikes children of all ages. A weakened autoimmune system contributes to children developing juvenile diabetes.
Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY):
This form of diabetes is genetic and is due to one single gene. If one parent has MODY then the chances their child will have it is really high. MODY often develops before the age of 25, and can strike healthy people with normal weight.
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune dysfunction. Healthy cells within the pancreas are killed off due to the body thinking they are foreign invaders. This decrease in healthy cells means that the pancreas can no longer produce insulin. This type of diabetes can strike at any age.
Sometimes the cells in the pancreas become insulin resistant, leading to a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes. This form of diabetes causes the body to struggle to effectively use glucose, causing a rise in glucose levels that can lead to organ damage if not treated. Fortunately, Type 2 diabetes can be reversed by eating a healthier diet and getting plenty of exercise.
Also caused by insulin resistance, Type 3 diabetes differs from Type 2 in that the pancreas is not involved in Type 3. Instead, this form of diabetes affects the brain. Patients diagnosed with this type of diabetes are more prone to developing Alzheimer’s.
This is basically Type 1 diabetes that is out of control. There are a number of things that can cause fluctuation in glucose readings: insulin absorption troubles, hormone issues, trouble absorbing some nutrients, medications that interact negatively with other medications, or even problems with the rate that food leaves the stomach. Stress and depression play a large role in the lives of people with brittle diabetes.
This type of diabetes is actually a combination of Type 1 and Type 2. Someone who has Type 1 diabetes may be of normal weight while battling this disease. If they begin to gain a lot of weight, they can develop Type 2 on top of Type 1. Insulin resistance is the end result, making it hard for insulin to properly work.
Many Variations Of Diabetes
Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adulthood (LADA):
Often caused by an autoimmune disease, this type of diabetes has to do with higher levels of autoantibodies found in the pancreas. Doctors usually diagnose LADA if the patient does not fit the normal profile of a patient with Type 2 diabetes.
This type of diabetes is brought on due to a medical condition. People who have Cushing’s, pancreatic cancer, polycystic ovary syndrome, or any other type of autoimmune disease are prone to developing this type of diabetes.
If people who are at risk for developing diabetes take steroids for longer than three months, they often develop this type of diabetes.
Some pregnant women develop this type of diabetes around the 24th week of pregnancy. Fortunately, gestation diabetes usually goes away once the baby is born and glucose levels are easier to control.
As we have seen, the common perception about diabetes centers on either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. This falls considerably short of the true extent of this problem since the are many variations of diabetes, which includes 11 different types.